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Starting November 2022, new senders who send email to Google Gmail accounts must set up either SPF or DKIM

Starting November 2022, Google has implemented a new requirement for senders who wish to send emails to Gmail accounts. This requirement mandates the setup of either Sender Policy Framework (SPF) or DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) email security protocols. The move aims to enhance email security and combat email spoofing and phishing attacks, ultimately protecting Gmail users from malicious activities.

Email has become an integral part of our daily lives, serving as a primary communication tool for personal and professional purposes. However, it has also become a breeding ground for cybercriminals seeking to deceive users and gain unauthorized access to sensitive information. Email spoofing, where the sender’s address is forged, has been a prevalent technique employed by these attackers. By impersonating a legitimate entity, they trick recipients into believing that the email originates from a trusted source.

To counter such threats, SPF and DKIM have emerged as widely adopted email authentication mechanisms. SPF allows domain owners to specify the authorized IP addresses and servers that are permitted to send emails on their behalf. When an email is received, the receiving server checks the SPF record for the sender’s domain and verifies whether the sending IP address is authorized. This helps in identifying and blocking spoofed emails.

DKIM, on the other hand, adds a layer of cryptographic verification to email messages. It enables the sender to sign outgoing emails with a private key unique to their domain. The receiving server then uses the corresponding public key published in the DNS to verify the email’s integrity and authenticity. By confirming that the email has not been tampered with during transit, DKIM enhances trust in the message’s source.

By mandating the implementation of SPF or DKIM, Google is taking a proactive stance in mitigating email-based threats. This requirement ensures that senders authenticate their emails, making it more difficult for attackers to forge or manipulate email headers. It provides an additional layer of assurance to Gmail users that the emails they receive are more likely to be genuine and trustworthy.

Implementing SPF or DKIM requires some technical knowledge and configuration changes. However, both protocols have been around for years, and many email service providers and organizations have already adopted them. Consequently, senders who are already using these email security measures won’t be affected by the new requirement.

For those who are yet to implement SPF or DKIM, Google has provided comprehensive documentation and resources to guide them through the process. This includes step-by-step instructions and best practices to ensure a smooth transition and successful implementation. Additionally, Google has actively engaged with the email community, collaborating with industry experts to raise awareness and facilitate adoption of these protocols.

It is worth noting that the requirement to set up SPF or DKIM is not exclusive to Gmail accounts. These email security protocols are widely recognized and implemented across various email providers and platforms. By enforcing this requirement, Google is playing its part in promoting a more secure email ecosystem, thereby contributing to the overall improvement of email security practices on the internet.

In conclusion, starting November 2022, new senders wishing to send emails to Google Gmail accounts must set up either SPF or DKIM email security protocols. This requirement is a significant step towards enhancing email security, combating email spoofing, and protecting Gmail users from malicious activities. By implementing SPF or DKIM, senders can establish the authenticity and integrity of their emails, ensuring a more secure and trustworthy email experience for all parties involved.

Sure! Here’s an example of how DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail) works to provide email security:

Let’s say there is a company called “ABC Corp.” that wants to send an email to a Gmail user named John Doe. ABC Corp. has already implemented DKIM for their domain,

1. Email Creation: ABC Corp. prepares an email to be sent to John Doe. The email contains important information regarding a business proposal.

2. DKIM Signing: Before sending the email, ABC Corp.’s email server applies DKIM signing. It uses a private key specific to to generate a digital signature for the email. This signature is added to the email header.

3. DNS Publishing: ABC Corp. publishes the corresponding public key in the DNS (Domain Name System) record for The public key is associated with the DKIM signature and allows the receiving server to verify the authenticity of the email.

4. Email Transmission: The email is sent from ABC Corp.’s server to John Doe’s Gmail account.

5. DKIM Verification: When the email arrives at Gmail’s server, it checks the DKIM signature. It retrieves the public key from the DNS record of

6. Signature Verification: Gmail’s server applies the public key to the DKIM signature and verifies the email’s integrity and authenticity. It checks if the email has been modified or tampered with during transit.

7. Delivery to Inbox: If the DKIM verification is successful, Gmail determines that the email is legitimate and originated from the genuine domain The email is then delivered to John Doe’s inbox.

In this example, DKIM provides assurance that the email received by John Doe was not forged or tampered with during transmission. The digital signature created by ABC Corp. confirms the authenticity and integrity of the email. Gmail’s server validates the signature using the public key published in the DNS record, ensuring that the email is legitimate.

By implementing DKIM, companies like ABC Corp. can enhance their email security, build trust with recipients, and reduce the risk of phishing attacks or email forgery. It allows recipients to have greater confidence that the emails they receive are genuinely from the claimed sender domain.

Certainly! Here’s an explanation of SPF (Sender Policy Framework) email security:

SPF (Sender Policy Framework) is an email authentication protocol designed to prevent email spoofing and unauthorized use of domain names in email headers. It allows domain owners to specify which IP addresses and servers are authorized to send emails on their behalf. By implementing SPF, domain owners can enhance email security, protect their brand reputation, and reduce the chances of their domain being used for malicious activities.

Let’s understand how SPF works in practice:

1. SPF Record Setup: The domain owner, let’s say “XYZ Corp.,” creates an SPF record in their domain’s DNS (Domain Name System). The SPF record contains a list of authorized IP addresses or servers that are permitted to send emails on behalf of XYZ Corp.

2. Receiving Server Verification: When an email is sent from an authorized server, the receiving server checks the SPF record of the sender’s domain (in this case, XYZ Corp.). It retrieves the SPF information from the DNS record associated with the sender’s domain.

3. SPF Record Evaluation: The receiving server compares the IP address of the sending server with the list of authorized IP addresses mentioned in the SPF record. If the sending server’s IP address matches one of the authorized IP addresses, the email passes the SPF check.

4. SPF Policy Result: The receiving server determines the result of the SPF check, which can be one of the following:
a. “Pass”: The sending server’s IP address matches an authorized IP address in the SPF record. The email is considered legitimate and proceeds through the email delivery process.
b. “Fail”: The sending server’s IP address does not match any authorized IP addresses in the SPF record. The email fails the SPF check, indicating a potential spoofing attempt or unauthorized usage. The receiving server can take actions based on the SPF policy, such as marking the email as suspicious or rejecting it outright.
c. “SoftFail” or “Neutral”: These results indicate a less strict SPF policy, where the SPF check may not be the sole determinant for email acceptance or rejection. The receiving server may still accept the email but mark it as potentially suspicious.

5. SPF Record Mechanisms: SPF records can include various mechanisms to define the authorized IP addresses or servers. Some common mechanisms include:
a. “A” or “MX” records: Refers to the IP addresses associated with the domain’s “A” or “MX” DNS records.
b. “Include”: Allows referencing SPF records of other domains, enabling delegation of email sending authority.
c. “IP4” or “IP6”: Specifies specific IP addresses or IP ranges authorized to send emails.
d. “All”: Defines the default policy for handling emails that do not match any previous mechanisms.

By implementing SPF, domain owners like XYZ Corp. can control which servers are allowed to send emails using their domain name. This prevents spammers and attackers from impersonating their domain and helps in reducing the likelihood of phishing attacks or fraudulent activities.

It is important to note that SPF alone does not provide end-to-end encryption or secure the content of emails. SPF focuses on verifying the domain’s authorized senders and preventing domain spoofing.

SPF (Sender Policy Framework) is an email authentication protocol that adds an extra layer of security by allowing domain owners to specify which IP addresses and servers are authorized to send emails on their behalf. By implementing SPF records in the DNS, domain owners can reduce the risk of email spoofing, protect their brand reputation, and enhance email security. Receiving servers perform SPF checks to verify the authenticity of the email sender, ensuring that the email originated from an authorized source.

Certainly! Here’s an example of how an SPF record might look in a DNS configuration:

Assuming the domain is “” and the authorized mail server’s IP address is “”, the SPF record for “” can be configured as follows:

“` IN TXT “v=spf1 ip4: -all”

Let’s break down the components of this SPF record:

– `”v=spf1″` indicates that this is an SPF version 1 record.
– `ip4:` specifies that the IP address “” is authorized to send emails on behalf of the domain “”.
– `”-all”` is the SPF policy result, indicating a strict policy where all other IP addresses are not authorized to send emails using the domain “”.

In this example, the SPF record explicitly allows only the specified IP address (“”) to send emails on behalf of “”. Any other IP address that attempts to send emails using the domain “” will fail the SPF check and may be considered unauthorized.

It’s important to note that SPF records can be more complex and include additional mechanisms based on the specific needs of the domain. For example, if the domain uses a third-party email service, the SPF record may include the “include” mechanism to reference the SPF record of the email service provider.

Implementing SPF requires access to the DNS configuration for the domain. The exact steps to add or modify an SPF record may vary depending on the DNS provider or hosting platform being used. It’s recommended to consult the documentation or support resources of the specific DNS provider for guidance on adding SPF records to the DNS configuration.

Remember to replace “” with your actual domain name and “” with the appropriate authorized IP address when implementing SPF for your domain.

Certainly! Here’s an example of how a DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail) signature might be generated and added to the header of an email message using a programming language like Python:

import dkim

# Email message content
message = “””
Subject: Example DKIM Email

This is the content of the email message.

# DKIM key information
domain = “”
selector = “default”
private_key_path = “/path/to/private_key.pem”

# Generate DKIM signature
signature = dkim.sign(
open(private_key_path, “rb”).read(),

# Add DKIM signature to the email header
header = f”{signature.decode(‘utf-8’)}\r\n{message}”

# Print the email message with DKIM signature

In this example:

1. The `message` variable represents the content of the email message, including headers and body.
2. The `domain` variable holds the domain name for which DKIM is being implemented (e.g., “”).
3. The `selector` variable specifies the DKIM selector, which is a subdomain used to identify the specific DKIM key associated with the domain.
4. The `private_key_path` variable contains the file path to the private key file (in PEM format) used to sign the email.
5. The `dkim.sign()` function generates the DKIM signature for the email message using the provided domain, selector, and private key.
6. The `header` variable combines the DKIM signature and the original email message, including headers and body, with a newline separating them.
7. Finally, the `header` is printed, showing the email message with the added DKIM signature.

To use this code, make sure to replace the placeholders (``, `default`, `/path/to/private_key.pem`) with the actual values relevant to your DKIM setup.

It’s important to note that this example demonstrates how to generate a DKIM signature programmatically using the `dkim` library in Python. The private key used should correspond to the public key published in the DNS record for the specified domain and selector. The generated DKIM signature should be added to the `DKIM-Signature` header field of the outgoing email. The exact implementation may vary based on the programming language, email library, and DKIM key management process used in your environment.

Purely just an example of DKIM and SPF email security, DKIM and SPF email security is very complex.